This Countries Will Become The New Mining Capitals After China Crackdown

By Joe Downie of NiceHash

In May 2021, China took its newest step in a long-running marketing campaign to ban cryptocurrencies.

It imposed a full-scale authorized ban on crypto mining in 6 areas of the nation. The “China Exodus” has successfully pressured dedicated crypto miners (particularly these reliant on mining for his or her revenue) to relocate and discover different areas to focus their mining operations.

Though, that is hardly shocking. China has been banning components of cryptocurrency from as early as 2013, when it first restricted banks from utilising Bitcoin (BTC). This was adopted up by a complete ban on all token gross sales in 2017, with a swift pledge to close down total crypto exchanges in 2019.

It’s clear to see, China won’t be welcoming crypto mining again any time quickly.

But China homes greater than 50% of the world’s crypto miners. In reality, Chinese miners make up 75% of the worldwide hashrate for Bitcoin (BTC). This has been the case, sometimes, as a result of miners in China have benefited from easy accessibility to low-cost electrical energy (due to hydropower) and specialist {hardware}.

However, with the Chinese Government wiping out what it considers to be an actual risk to the nation’s monetary stability, different international locations will now must fill the crypto mining hole.

Which international locations will turn into the brand new crypto mining hubs?

Crypto mining is advanced, a number of components equivalent to your technological setup and electrical utility prices in your nation will decide your capabilities, by no means thoughts rising institutional regulation and acceptance throughout the area you’re in. But, from utilising our latest consumer statistics, I’ve analysed which areas shall be more likely to deal with the degrees of hashpower China has been internet hosting.

Below are the Top 10 international locations I predict will turn into the crypto new mining capitals (if not already):

  • USA
  • Russia
  • Kazakhstan
  • Malaysia
  • Canada
  • Brazil
  • Scandinavia (particularly Norway and Iceland) 
  • Indonesia
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam.

Other international locations may embody India and Turkey, though they’re usually extra keen on buying and selling cryptocurrencies slightly than mining. Germany is extraordinarily keen on crypto mining however is held again with excessive power prices, as is most of Europe.

Kazakhstan and USA Will Lead The Way

Whilst China’s clampdown has led to a BTC mining exodus, the Cambridge Centre for Alternative Finance (CCAF) analysis staff has knowledge that reveals China’s share of the global mining market was already falling. The Cambridge Bitcoin Electricity Consumption Index (CBECI) was launched in 2019 to observe crypto mining’s environmental influence. Data gathered from the index reveals that China’s share of the BTC hashrate dropped from 75.5% in September 2019 to 46% in April 2021. This is simply earlier than the brand new restrictions got here into play.

During the identical time, the hashrate of the United States elevated from 4.1% to 16.8%. On the flip facet, there was a six-fold enhance in Kazakhstan’s world mining market share, going from 1.4% in September 2019 to eight.2% in April 2021. By then, Russia was at 6.8% and Iran at 4.6%.

The US as a New Crypto Mining Capital

Now let’s have a look at the US and Kazakhstan in additional depth.

Why does the US have a lot crypto mining potential? Of course, there’s the sheer inhabitants and landmass of the US, however the US can be leaping forward as a brand new crypto mining hub because it has loads of mining operations which can be discovering methods to mine utilizing renewables.

For instance, Standard Power will mine bitcoin from an Ohio-based nuclear energy plant. By establishing the operation in an deserted paper mill, the BTC mining internet hosting supplier will seemingly develop the market and assist to fulfill regulators within the US too. In reality, the five-year partnership will see the Energy Harbor Corp present carbon-free power to the crypto mining operation, with plans to begin in December 2021.

This is only one of many examples of the foremost mining operations that can spring up in North America powered by sources offset by renewable power credit or immediately from renewable power.

As the present state of play, the US at the moment accounts for 17% of the whole variety of Bitcoin miners on the earth – a drastic 151% enhance from September 2020 (pre-China crackdown).

According to Fred Thiel of Marathon Digital’s, if the half million miner rigs leaving China find yourself within the US, North America shall be chargeable for 40% of the world’s hashrate by December 2022.

At NiceHash we’re already seeing a rise in US miners, leaping from 17% of our consumer base final yr, to 21% this yr.

Was the US at all times going to leap forward?

Of course, the seek for low-cost renewables is attracting miners to the US. However, North America’s rising dominance within the discipline isn’t all all the way down to China’s clampdown. The success is because of a mixture of each luck (China) and a few years of preparing. Having began to construct up its internet hosting capability a number of years in the past, the US was doubtlessly gearing as much as take its place on the high of the hierarchy.

And China’s loss is the setting’s achieve. Miners will inevitably find yourself in areas equivalent to that of the US that supply the most cost effective electrical energy, which is more and more renewable sources. All of which can go a protracted option to scale back cryptocurrency mining’s traditionally giant carbon footprint. This will, after all, transfer it even additional into the mainstream, with curious buyers and events extra more likely to dip a toe into the crypto mining and cryptocurrency buying and selling areas.

In addition, a lot of the previous tools that has been utilized in China will transfer out of circulation, which may also enhance effectivity in mining operations. Many energy-wasting inefficient mining rigs will now be switched off in favour of extra sustainable and power environment friendly tech such because the Bitmain AntMiner S9.

I see extra environment friendly rigs making up the BTC community any further, which suggests round twice the hashpower for a similar quantity of power. Because an important differentiator for a crypto miner is the price of the power that they should do their job, it’s inevitable that a big quantity will find yourself within the US.

Investors in North America shall be eager to control the carbon footprint and power utilization of the brand new miners migrating from China. They will know that they’re anticipated to adapt to regulatory requirements and investor calls for, and most shall be ready to take action.

Some of the bigger US mining operations shall be contemplating whether or not to go public and shall be actively on the lookout for crypto mining buyers to assist them scale up. They already know that public markets within the US will solely be keen on proof for work mining powered by renewables slightly than fossil fuels and can make sure that their outfit adapts accordingly.

Is Kazakhstan a Blip within the Migration to the West?

This is all very optimistic for a cleaner, greener, and extra acceptable crypto mining market that can appeal to all types of recent buyers. However, the change to inexperienced power for crypto miners (like these developments poised within the US) isn’t a clear sweep but.

Kazakhstan is proving extraordinarily in style when it comes to its world share of bitcoin mining. Currently, it accounts for 8%, due to its prepared provide of low-cost power. Only this time, the power is from coal. It could also be cheap and accessible, but it surely’s additionally chargeable for huge carbon dioxide emissions.

However, based on an evaluation by CNBC, a number of crypto mining consultants have stated that they imagine Kazakhstan is a midway home. As it’s so near China, it’s possible that crypto miners will solely keep briefly earlier than heading west. Many miners in Kazakhstan are utilizing older tech, which is more likely to be nearing the top of its life.

When that occurs, these crypto mining companies will improve to newer and far more environment friendly and sustainable sources of hash energy. Also it’s value noting {that a} new regulation in Kazakhstan comes into impact on 1 January 2022, which will levy extra taxes on cryptocurrency miners. The regulation will cost one tenth per 1kw-hour of electrical energy used through the crypto mining course of.

This may nicely set off an additional migration away from Kazakhstan and in direction of North America.


Like the US and China, given the sheer inhabitants and land mass of the world’s largest nation, Russia will maintain a big yield of the worldwide hashpower for bitcoin, but in addition many altcoins are in style to mine right here equivalent to Ergo. We’re already seeing gigantic bitcoin mines in Russia’s Siberia area (particularly Bratsk).

You see, Russia is exceptionally positioned to serve crypto miners due the nation’s extra of low-cost electrical energy, enormous water plenty that may be transformed into renewable power, a chilly local weather that reduces demand for cooling programs and naturally its centralized power system.

Russia has dominated the mining trade alongside China for fairly a while, with Russian customers making up about 20% of NiceHash customers.


Southeast Asia (SEA) is a booming hub for fintech developments and crypto mining. In phrases of crypto mining, miners shall be drawn to international locations like Malaysia in SEA as a result of there are low prices of electrical energy, cheaper rental for property areas, and a usually looser regulatory setting.

Despite the loopy story of Malaysian police crushing 1,069 crypto mining rigs with a steamroller on account of miners allegedly stealing US$2 million value of electrical energy, Malaysia is a hotbed for crypto mining.


Concerns over the environmental prices of crypto mining have seemingly been met in Scandinavia. Norway and Iceland are actually on the forefront of ‘green-bitcoin mining’.

Staggeringly, regardless of how small in inhabitants the nation is, Iceland as a trailblazer with 8% of all bitcoins being stated will need to have been mined there the place hydroelectric and geothermal power sources account for nearly all Iceland’s electrical energy.

As for the remaining international locations within the Top Ten, as a lot as I’d love to present an uber detailed evaluation per every area, we are able to already see a powerful quantity of hashpower in these international locations:

  • Canada
  • Brazil
  • Indonesia
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam

As we are able to see, the mining world can change quickly, primarily based on the a number of components at play, however mining is right here to remain and can adapt to future challenges.

The environmental influence is more likely to be vastly decreased over the following few years, which can in flip encourage extra funding into the trade. I believe we’re more likely to see a rise in mining of different cash in addition to bitcoin, as many alt cash might be mined on a house laptop, with a lot much less problem and on the similar time contribute to the decentralization and safety of their respective blockchains.

About NiceHash

NiceHash is a cryptocurrency mining companies supplier and a vocal advocate for decentralization and the potential of crypto. NiceHash believes in a world of blockchain and decentralization, the place everybody has equal entry to a brand new monetary customary. NiceHash helps crypto miners to purchase and promote hash energy and win the hash race. 

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